However, what made this settlement, known as Ai-Khanoum (‘Lady Moon’ in Uzbek), special was the fact that it would not have looked out of. The Spatial Organization of Ai Khanoum, a Greek. City in Afghanistan. LAuriAnne MArTinez-Sève. ArTiCLe. Abstract. The excavations of the Greek settlement of. The ruins of an ancient fortified city close to the village of Ai Khanum / Ai Khanoum in northern Afghanistan (and east of the city of Balkh) are thought to be the.

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Along with Bactra, Ai-Khanoum was one of the largest and most important cities in the fledgeling kingdom. Balarama – Samkarshana and Vasudeva – Krishnaand are thought to correspond to the first Greco-Bactrian attempts at creating an Indian-standard coinage as they invaded northern India.

In a Lieutenant Wood heard local people refer to the site as “Barbarrah”. khanooum

Ai-Khanoum: A Greek city in north-east Afghanistan – Real History

Coordinates on Wikidata Interlanguage link template link number Articles containing Greek-language text All articles with unsourced statements Khanoun with unsourced statements from December Commons category link is on Wikidata CS1 French-language sources fr.

German story with photographs here translation here. Part of a series on the. Silk Roads Trading Centre. Safeguarding the Bactrian Treasure.


With the Seleucids focused on the ongoing jostling with the other Successor states in the west, the Greco-Bactrians were able to expand their jhanoum in the east. Example of Poor Quality Pseudo-Scholarship.

Several Indian artefacts were found among the archaeological remains of Ai-Khanoum, especially a narrative plate made of shell inlaid with various materials and colors, thought khaonum represent the Indian myth of Kuntala. Excavated foundation walls and the Amu Darya river flowing to the left of the image.

Ai-Khanoum was a center of Hellenistic culture at the doorstep of India, and there was a strong reciprocal awareness between the two areas. Numerous artefacts and structures were found, pointing to a high Hellenistic culture, combined with Eastern influences.

To the right of the plate is what appears to be a Zoroastrian fire altar. Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ai-Khanoum. One of the more entertaining anecdotes highlighting the influence of Hellenistic culture is provided by ancient historian Plutarch:.

Author: K. E. Eduljee

The development of sedentary and nomadic civilizations: Royal Society of Arts, Gargoyle from a fountain. However, modern historians have largely dismissed this argument. This suggests important trade contacts ao the Mediterranean, through long and expensive land routes.

Unsurprisingly, these eastern provinces would prove troublesome for the Seleucids. His account of his visit to Bactria, including his recollection of his amazement at finding Chinese goods in the markets acquired via Indiaas well as his travels in the rest of Central Asia, is preserved in the aii of the early Han historian Sima Qian. Inthe film-maker David Adams photojournalist produced a six part documentary mini-series about the ancient city entitled “Alexander’s Lost World”.


So what was this place and how did something so distinctly Greek come kuanoum exist in a far corner of Afghanistan? You are commenting using your Facebook account. It would have therefore been a strategic city for any ruler, including Aryan rulers, in asserting their control of the surrounding land.

The motivation for Hellenisation has long been debated.

From literary sources, we can deduce that an Alexandria on the Oxus or: The city’s wealth attracted enemies, and it was sacked by Sacae nomads in c. Ai Khanum is about 2 km long and m wide and was excavated by French archaeologists. The city became rich because it controlled the trade in lapis lazuli, but it was also situated on the Silk road.

Statue of an old man, from the gymnasium. The plate shows what appear to be a combination of Greek and Zoroastrian elements:

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