see Biala ksiega Smolenskiej tragedii, Cztery lata po Smolensku, Dluzewska Krzymowski & Dzierzanowski, Macierewicz, Pietrzak, Pilis & Dmochowski. Two successors of Kozłowski had Solidarity background: Antoni Macierewicz who On Kozłowski, in Andrzej Krupa, ed., Biała księga polskiej sceny politycznej.
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The Dubingiai massacre was a mass murder of 20—27 Lithuanian civilians in the town of Dubingiai Maclerewicza in Polish sources on 23 June The Dubingiai massacre started a wider AK operation in which units beyond the 5th Brigade were involved.
While Nazi collaborators were ostensibly the prime targets,  the victims included the elderly, children, and even infants. The Lithuanian—Polish relations during the interbellum period were strained since both sides had laid claim to the Vilnius Region.
During World War IIthese tensions were exacerbated by maacierewicza allegiances: Lithuanian administration, paramilitary units and Polish resistance  Eventually, these tensions grew into a low-level civil war  that culminated in a series of civilian massacres. Ksuega sent a courier from the headquarters in Vilnius ordering the 5th Brigade to stay put, the courier, however, did not reach the local commanders in time.
The village was warned that the Polish attack was imminent and many individuals—including the policemen who participated in the Glinciszki massacre—escaped before the Poles began the killings.
The reprisal actions in Dubingiai, even if premature and unplanned by AK command, marked the beginning of a wider AK operation in which units beyond the 5th Brigade were involved. Piskunowicz contends that AK’s reprisals of 23—27 June were successful since there were no further actions by Lithuanian forces similar to the preceding Glinciszki massacre.
This chain of events stained the reputation of AK in Lithuania and continue to sour the Lithuanian—Polish relations. After more than two years of torture and interrogation, he was executed by the communist Polish government macifrewicza Since AK commanders were already dead, the case was closed in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The Reconstruction of Nations: Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus, Armija krajova Lietuvoje in Lithuanian. Retrieved 7 June Nasza Gazeta in Polish.